PA4NP Protected Areas Study Trip

2018-11-29 All day


Una National Park is situated in the northwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, mainly in the area of Bihac municipality and to a lesser extent in the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac and Drvar – it belongs to the Una-Korana plateau. The Park encompasses valley of the river Una, the canyon of the river Unac, right tributary of Una all the way to the river Krka in the west and the orographic slopes of the mountains Pljesevica, Grmeč and Osječenica.

Local population has always been aware of the exceptional value of the area in which they live and the threats that exist which could infringe its fundamental values therefore the vision about this area being proclaimed protected area was created decades ago.

This area represents a unique natural complex in this part of Europe, valuable for the preservation of the overall landscape and biological diversity.

Una River is a compound of valuable natural resources, diverse and preserved natural landscapes of exceptional beauty, rich cultural and historical heritage and the local population aware of the values of the area in which they live. Preservation and protection of these values for future generations is a fundamental determinant for sustainable development of authentic local traditional activities such as fishing, hunting, forestry and agriculture. The same applies to the introduction of new activities such as tourism, recreation, education and scientific research, through which local population builds opportunities for better quality of life and self develops together in harmony with nature.

The results of the Feasibility Study from 2005 undeniably presented a need for the protection of this area. Suggested category of protection was the National Park level, which later was accepted by the local community and authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 2008, Una National Park was established after the enactment of the Law on Una National Park. The Park covers 19.800 hectares of which most are under the territory of the municipality of Bihac. 13.500 hectares are in the regime of strict and aimed protection, while 6.300 hectares are under development regime. The Law defines boarders, regulates issues of protection, promotion and its usage, management of the National Park, misdemeanor offenses and administrative measures for non-compliance with this law.

After the proclamation of the Law on Una National Park, Public Company Una National Park was founded and registered by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the beginning of the year 2009 (Decision was published in the “Official Gazette of BIH”, no. 71/08). Public Company Una National Park has a legal obligation to manage this protected area. Establishment of the Public Company was the first precondition for a successful, thoroughly and well-timed implementation of all the activities planned in the Management Plan. The Management Plan is adopted in accordance with the provisions of Una National Park Law for a period of ten years.

The Administration office and information center is located in Bihac city center, Bosanska no.1. Information center offers tourist maps, promotional material, service and hospitality information and other necessary information and not only for Una National Park but also for the municipality of Bihac, Una-Sana Canton, BIH and the region.

Public Company performs activities of protection, maintenance and promotion of the National Park in order to protect and preserve authenticity of nature, to ensure uninterrupted natural processes and its sustainable use, and supervises the implementation of the conditions and nature protection measures in the managed area.